The spent cartridge cases were ejected downwards, which was an improvement on the Lewis gun, which ejected sideways, since the glint of them flying through the air could compromise a concealed firing position. [16], Although they were generally well-liked, the high cost of £40 each gun was an issue for the British Army leadership. Note: the early conversions to 7.62 used a converted EM 2 rifle magazine. Weight 22 lb, 2oz. Realising the need for additional section-level firepower, the British Army endeavoured to issue the Bren in great numbers, with a stated goal of one Bren to every four private soldiers. While Enfield was able to produce only 400 Bren Mk I guns each month, with the various simplification efforts production numbers rose to 1,000 guns per week by 1943. From a batch of 1940ish dated and in very good condition. 0 bids. 26 was designed (in the Zbrojovka Brno Factory) and Enfield, site of the British Royal Small Arms Factory. A conversion of the Bren to 7.62mm NATO from 1958. Introduced 1941. [15], The Bren was also employed in the anti-aircraft role. At the close of the First World War in 1918, the British Army was equipped with two main automatic weapons; the Vickers medium machine gun (MMG) and the Lewis light machine gun(LMG). Overall length 45.5 inches, 25 inch barrel length. Unique Bren Gun Magazines Posters designed and sold by artists. Its final operational deployment with the British Army, on a limited scale, was in the First Gulf War in 1991.[22]. ( Log Out /  We take a 1940 Bren gun to the range to demonstrate function, disassembly, and shooting from a variety of positions. Later designs of production Bren guns featured chrome-lined barrels that offered less resistance, preventing overheating and reducing the need for quick changes of barrels. It was 45.5 inches in overall length, and employed a quick-change 25-inch barrel, which could be replaced in seconds, allowing it to keep up a sustained rate of fire. The bipod was simplified in design as well as not having extending legs. Daimler also built 74,000 Bren guns, initially at a workshop in their Coventry factory and, after that workshop was destroyed in the April 1941 raid, at a boot and shoe factory in Burton-on-Trent. Bren machine gun, British adaptation of a Czech light machine gun. The quality of the materials used would generally ensure minimal jamming. The barrel was also simplified by means of a non-stepped removable flash hider and, in some cases, a barrel fore-end that was matte instead of highly polished. SCARCE BRITISH ISSUE .303CAL BREN GUN MAGAZINE in nice clean original condition showing signs of use, complete in working order. [18], A complicated tripod mount was available to allow the Bren to be used as an indirect-fire weapon, but this was rarely used in the field. • WW2 item! Introducing the Bren Gun. Any order with a billing or shipping address to a state or locality with restrictions on this item will have the item removed automatically. Introduced September 1937; the original Bren, based on the Czechoslovak gun. Add to Cart. The original Bren gun was designated the Mark 1. Add to Compare. 35-37 Chapelgate Sutton St James, Lincolnshire PE12 0EF Company Registered in England No 4620443 As with the Mk3 but this was a conversion of a Mk2. In Canada, the John Inglis plant in Toronto began tooling its facilities for production in 1938; the first of 186,000 examples was completed in Mar 1940. The Vickers was heavy and required a supply of water to keep it in operation, which tended to relegate it to static defence and indirect fire support. £14.00. [14], The 30-round magazine was in practice usually filled with 27 or 28 rounds to prevent jams and avoid wearing out the magazine spring. Note: a number of features present in the original pre-war design were found to be seldom if-ever used in action. Although fitted with a bipod, it could also be mounted on a tripod or be vehicle-mounted. Bren Mk3 conversion originally known as X10E1, with Mk1 bipod and two steel barrels. Weight 23 lb, 3 oz. The MEC-GAR magazines function flawlessly in all .45 ACP Bren Ten variations and were issued only with these guns and .45 ACP Conversion Kits after the 2nd generation magazines became available. These magazines hold up to thirty rounds of .303 ammunition and it is the rim on this round that gives the magazine its distinctive shape. [13] On occasion, a Bren gunner would use his weapon on the move supported by a sling, much like an automatic rifle, and from standing or kneeling positions. Add to Compare. 100 x Bren Gun .303 Magazines (Grade 1) ***SPECIAL OFFER!!! 1937 – RSAF produces 400 Bren guns per month as it comes into active military service. £3.99 postage. [11] The Bren was operated by a two-man crew, sometimes commanded by a Lance Corporal as an infantry section's "gun group", the remainder of the section forming the "rifle group". © 2011 bren-gun.com 30, ZB vz. The magazines were made by numerous factories in the UK as well as in Canada and Australia amongst other nations. The very rare Mk I magazine was quickly replaced by a revised Mk II design and these are available in huge numbers on the collectors’ market with examples available for less than 5 each. [24] A few were captured and re-issued by the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA). New Mk3 Bren Gun Magazine still in the wrap £20.00. Each British soldier's equipment normally included two magazines for his section's Bren gun. This became a greater issue when it was discovered that only 2,300 of the 30,000 Bren guns issued to the British Expeditionary Force came back to Britain after the defeat of France. It was developed from the Czechoslovakian series of ZB guns, which enjoyed widespread sales around the world from 1924 onwards and were widely used by the Germans during WW2. (The belt fed Vickers or Besa, the latter being another Czechoslovak machine gun design adopted by the British, were instead used as co-axial weapons.) Although the BAR was recommended, the sheer number of Lewis guns available and the difficult financial conditions meant that nothing was done. In 1922, to find a replacement for the Lewis, the Small Arms Committee of the British Army ran competitive trials between the Madsen, the Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR), the Hotchkiss, the Beardmore-Farquhar, and the Lewis itself. A series of light machine guns developed by the British Army. The Evolution of the Bren Light Machine Gun – Mark 1 to Mark 4 – The War Years Features of the Bren Mark 1 (MK1) in 1937. 26 which had been submitted for the trials. Every soldier would be trained to fire the Bren in case of an emergency, though these soldiers did not receive a Bren proficiency badge. The slower rate of fire prevented more rapid overheating of the Bren's air-cooled barrel, and the Bren was much lighter than belt-fed machine guns, which typically had cooling jackets, often liquid filled. BREN gun was widely used by Commonwealth Forces during WW2. The tripod could be adjusted to allow high angle fire. Learn how your comment data is processed. On long marches in non-operational areas it was often partially disassembled and its parts were carried by two soldiers. 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