Wisconsin law transformed [21] On February 3, the Office of the Wetʼsuwetʼen asked for a judicial review of the environmental approval for the pipeline. They took place in Smithers, British Columbia. "[82], Other First Nations, activists and other supporters of the Wetʼsuwetʼen hereditary chiefs targeted railway lines for their demonstrations of solidarity. [71] On February 16 and 17 temporarily blocked the Rainbow Bridge in Niagara Falls, Ontario and Thousand Islands Bridge in Ivy Lea, Ontario, two major border crossings between the United States and Canada. [119][120], On March 13, Parliamentary Budget Officer Yves Giroux released a report that the protests would leave "a minimal dent in the pace of economic growth", estimating that the blockades would reduce Canadian economic growth by 0.2% for the first quarter of 2020. "[38], Meetings were held among the individual clans of the Wetʼsuwetʼen throughout March. [87], Other protests blocking rail lines halted service on Via Rail's Prince Rupert and Prince George lines, running on CNR tracks. [22] All parties issued statements on February 4, 2020 that the talks had broken down. But some details about the hotly contested … ... that is my sole source of water," explained Gates. [41] The Gitdumden (Wolf and Bear Clan) met twice, but their third meeting (scheduled for March 16) was cancelled due to a death in the community. [89] Protests disrupted multiple GO Transit rail services in Toronto, Hamilton and Exo's Candiac line in Montreal. [91] The Canadian government does not tell the police what to do operationally. A railway blockade is also taking place in Kahnawake, Que., near Montreal. The 2020 Canadian pipeline and railway protests were a series of civil disobedience protests held in Canada. [107] An executive of the Business Council of Canada called the shutdown "potentially a catastrophe for the economy" and said that rail "is the backbone of infrastructure in this country. Subscribe to our channel! [129] On February 24, the day of the Mohawk blockade removal by the OPP, Indigenous Services Minister Miller repeated that the Liberal government was "still open for dialogue" and willing to negotiate. GUEST HOST: Sarah Boesveld, @sarahboesveld Dakota Access Pipeline protesters square off against police near the Standing Rock Reservation and the pipeline route outside Saint Anthony, North Dakota, on Oct. 5, 2016. A demonstrator protests the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion outside a meeting of Group of Seven finance ministers and central bank governors last year in Whistler, B.C. While the protests rage on, there’s also a court case winding through federal courts that could decide the ultimate fate of the pipeline. [122] Miller asked for a temporary drawback of the protest but his request was refused after Wetʼsuwetʼen hereditary Chief Woos, who was on the phone, stated that the RCMP was still on his territory and "they are out there with guns, threatening us." Members of the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory moved a large truck toward a rail line in a protest Thursday supporting the Wet’suwet’en opponents of a natural gas pipeline in … According to hereditary chief Na’Moks (John Ridsdale), "it's the hereditary chiefs' duty to protect the territory". [28], Blockades, injunctions and RCMP interventions, indigenous specific land claims in Canada, Missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls, Timeline of the 2020 Canadian pipeline and railway protests, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte First Nation, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, "Counter-protesters tear down blockade on CN rail line in Edmonton", "OPP arrest 10 demonstrators at Tyendinaga blockade site, charges pending", "Arrests made in B.C., Ontario blockades, as anti-pipeline protests spread", "The Delgamuukw decision: When the 'invisible people' won recognition", "Wet'suwet'en sub-chief who supports Coastal GasLink says supporters, elected chiefs aren't being heard", "Wet’suwet’en who refused pipeline money hope talks lead to land title", "Wet'suwet'en chiefs, government ministers draft rights and title arrangement", "RCMP breach final Wetʼsuwetʼen camp in the path of Coastal GasLink pipeline", "Judge expands Coastal GasLink injunction against pipeline blockade", "Amidst National Crisis, Province Gives Unist'ot'en an Ultimatum", "Exclusive: Canada police prepared to shoot Indigenous activists, documents show", "B.C. The Eastern Ontario blockade was itself removed by the Ontario Provincial Police. WATCH: Wet’suwet’en Nation members explain why they support pipelines. On February 11, protesters surrounded the BC Legislature in Victoria, preventing the traditional ceremonies around the reading of the Throne Speech by the Lieutenant Governor. pipeline protesters vow to ignore injunction, keep Vancouver ports blocked", "Metro Vancouver port blockade prompts injunction, 47 arrested on Monday morning", "Canadian Police Move Against Pipeline Blockades", "Anti-pipeline protesters block trains leaving Vaughan rail yard in solidarity with Wet'suwet'en", "Two new blockades on weekend close Rainbow Bridge and Thousand Islands Bridge for hours", "Wet'suwet'en solidarity reaches Prince Edward Island", "3 arrests after protesters attempt to block B.C. students join nationwide school walkout in support of Wet'suwet'en hereditary chiefs", "Protesters stand in solidarity with Wet'suwet'en (12 photos)", "Country erupts into Wet'suwet'en solidarity demonstrations: A week in pictures", "The Wet'suwet'en crisis has exposed deep-seated racism in Canada", "Who is behind solidarity action for Wet'suwet'en hereditary chiefs? Supreme Court", "BC Ferries wins injunction against protesters at Swartz Bay", "Anti-pipeline protesters remain at B.C. [100] The blockade caused Via Rail to postpone resuming service between Montreal and Quebec City. [123] Miller returned to Ottawa and met with Prime Minister Trudeau and other members of the Cabinet called the "Incident Response Group". A nation-wide student walkout occurred March 4, with university students across the country showing their support for the Wetʼsuwetʼen protesters. ", "Facebook Disables Hundreds of Accounts Linked to Wet'suwet'en Support Rally", "PHOTOS: Tyendinaga protesters stop train traffic", "B.C. In 2018, the backers of the pipeline project gave the go-ahead to the CA$6.6 billion project and it began construction. Throughout the protest, speakers explained that they had no idea a gas pipeline was going to be built in their neighborhood until construction crews showed up. Trains on the Toronto-Ottawa and Toronto-Montreal routes were cancelled first. [4] The Wetʼsuwetʼen and Gitxsan then entered the treaty process with the BC government. Protesters and members of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe have relentlessly blasted the $3.8 billion pipeline, arguing the DAPL’s construction would trample on tribal lands and destroy ancient tribal artifacts. [7] Their traditional government, predating Confederation, is a system of chiefs representing each clan, called the hereditary chiefs. [89] On the same day Via Rail, which rents these lines for its passenger service, announced it would be shutting down its entire network, with the exception of the Sudbury–White River train line and the Winnipeg–Churchill train between Churchill and The Pas, until further notice. They call for an end to the violation of indigenous persons' right to free, prior and informed consent. Premier John Horgan's home ahead of budget", "National Student Walkout in support of Wet'suwet'en scheduled for Wednesday", "UPEI students walk out in support of Wet'suwet'en chiefs", "B.C. November 06, 2016 9:51 AM ET. [98] Trans-Canada passenger service was not restored. Ottawa . The project is intended to supply natural gas to several Asian energy companies, who are partners in the project. The rail blockade of Prince Rupert was lifted on February 14. Discussions between representatives of the Wetʼsuwetʼen and the governments of Canada and British Columbia have led to a provisional agreement on the Wetʼsuwetʼen land rights in the area. [112] Chemicals trade group Responsible Distribution Canada warned of shortages of chlorine to purify drinking water. [41][42][43][44], On April 30, the hereditary chiefs made a joint statement with the provincial and federal governments that all five clans had agreed to ratify the MOU after having reviewed and discussed it in the prior weeks. [4], The consortium developed its plans for the pipeline route in the early 2010s, securing the approval of several First Nations councils along the route, but did not secure the approval of the Office of the Wetʼsuwetʼen, the hereditary government of the Wetʼsuwetʼen peoples, although most of the elected band councils of the Wetʼsuwetʼen First Nations did enter into a benefits agreement with TCEnergy, the owner of the pipeline project. [109] Canadian Federation of Agriculture president Mary Robinson warned of "huge financial consequences" as farmers do not get paid until products are delivered to the market. It threatens our water, our salmon, and our rights, our title, our jurisdiction". [41][48], The MOU was signed by hereditary chiefs, Minister Bennett, and Minister Fraser on May 14, 2020, in a virtual ceremony via Zoom. (Twitter/@GiniwCollective) When Dawn Goodwin went down to the bank of the upper Mississippi River on Dec. 4, she just wanted to spend some time honoring the traditions of her people. [115] In Atlantic Canada, at the end of the propane supply line, reserves fell to a five-day supply by February 14. In a statement on May 11, before the signing of the memorandum, the elected chiefs called on Minister Bennett to resign due to her "disregard for [their] special relationship". [116][117] On February 19, Via Rail announced temporary layoffs of up to 1,000 people due to the blockades. The main issue behind the protests was the construction of the Coastal GasLink Pipeline (CGL) through 190 kilometres (120 mi) of Wetʼsuwetʼen First Nation territory in British Columbia (BC), land that is unceded. I'm just calling on all the parties to come together, get this dialogue started in a constructive way. [19], On January 1, after rejecting the injunction, the hereditary chiefs ordered the eviction of the RCMP and Coastal GasLink personnel from the Wetʼsuwetʼen territory. [102] The Mont-Saint-Hilaire rail line was cleared on February 21, 2020 after Quebec Police arrived to enforce a CNR injunction. For the duration of those two days, the RCMP agreed to stop all patrols on the Morice West Forest Service Road and to shut down their mobile detachment (CISO) in the area. February 17, 2020 5:19 PM 4 mins reading. When asked by organizers why the accounts had been suspended, a spokesperson from Facebook said, "our systems mistakenly removed these accounts and content. [99], On February 19, activists set up a blockade on the Mont-Saint-Hilaire rail line in Saint-Lambert, Quebec, promising to stay until the RCMP leaves the disputed zone in Wetʼsuwetʼen territory. AFP English. [13], Beginning in 2010, the Wetʼsuwetʼen hereditary chiefs and their supporters set up barricades and checkpoints along the Morice West Forest Service Road that provides access to the construction of pipeline projects that threatened their territory, originally the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, and later also Coastal GasLink (planning for which began in 2012). Article content. In their opinion, it is the Canadian federal and provincial governments that are breaking international law, not the Wetʼsuwetʼen hereditary chiefs. Authorities say pipeline protestors burned several pieces of construction equipment to stall work on the pipeline, as you can see from the picture below. The EAO's position is that there is no basis for judiciary review of their decision, and arguments from lawyers representing CGL have yet to be heard in full, with the hearing having been expected to resume October 16. [101], On February 20, another blockade of CPR tracks sprang up between Kamloops and Chase in British Columbia. [41], A planned all-clans meeting on March 19 was cancelled, for a variety of factors including concerns among the hereditary chiefs over the spread of COVID-19 and death in the community (unrelated to COVID-19). [18] In her decision, Church stated: "There is a public interest in upholding the rule of law and restraining illegal behaviour and protecting of the right of the public, including the plaintiff, to access on Crown roads," and "the defendants may genuinely believe in their rights under indigenous law to prevent the plaintiff from entering Dark House territory, but the law does not recognize any right to blockade and obstruct the plaintiff from pursuing lawfully authorized activities." [87] The PBO said that the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic would likely have a greater impact on the economy.[121]. Protests across the country disrupted passenger and freight train service for more than three weeks. Dakota Access pipeline explained: What you need to know . [66][67], Several major protests blocked access to the Port of Vancouver, Deltaport, and two other ports in Metro Vancouver for a number of days before the Metro Vancouver police began enforcing an injunction on the morning of February 10, 2020, arresting 47 protesters who refused to cease obstructing the port.[68][69][70]. Gas pipeline break: NNPC assures of safety, says incidence already contained Harrison Edeh Dec 16, 2020 Kennie Obateru, the spokesperson of the corporation explained that the pipeline break which resulted in gas leakage was promptly contained through the efforts of NNPC team, officials from the Lagos State Government, and other stakeholders. Reuters . Ever wonder who’s behind the anti-pipelines protests in Canada? [91] In any case, the police services are under provincial or municipal control. While the Dakota Access Pipeline protest has largely been framed as an environmental issue, it is also a racial justice issue. REUTERS/Josh Morgan. The program was launched in the wake of massive Idle No More protests in 2012 and 2013, which were inspired in part by Indigenous objections to … [105], Businesses attacked by protesters, such as CN Rail, have filed lawsuits against protesters to recover damages. [45] However, the elected chiefs of five Wetʼsuwetʼen band governments (Nee Tahi Buhn Indian Band, Skin Tyee Nation, Ts'il Kaz Koh First Nation, Wetʼsuwetʼen First Nation, and Witset First Nation) released their own joint statement in response the following day, calling on the agreement to be withdrawn, saying they weren't consulted properly. Lawyers for the Office of the Wet’suwet’en cited the lack of meaningful accounting for the Final report on Missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls (MMIWG), published in June 2019, as well as the pipeline company's long history of non-compliance with the Environmental Assessment Office's own conditions and standards. Monchai Tiankot, Ban Na Hung chief, explained that the pipeline system in the villages had been unserviceable since their construction. The largest of those camps is Unistʼotʼen Camp, directly in the path of the pipeline, established in 2010 as a checkpoint, and has since added a healing centre. blocked by pipeline protesters", "Why protesters are shutting down Canada's rail service", "Partial VIA Rail Service to Resume Between Quebec City and Ottawa", "VIA Rail Service to Resume in Southwestern Ontario", "Counter-protesters break down rail blockade in west Edmonton as CN wins injunction against pipeline opponents", "Via Rail cancels plans to resume Montreal-Quebec City service as new blockade pops up", "Quebec rail blockade abandoned by protesters after riot police arrive to enforce injunction", "Blockade of CP Rail tracks in Chase temporarily lifted following negotiation", "As Quebec rail blockades come down, supporters demand Indigenous rights be respected", "There's Still No Deal in Wet'suwet'en But Pipeline Construction Is Ongoing", "CN lawsuit alleges $270M in freight was hit by rail blockade in northern B.C. [106], The blockades led to the shutdown of CNR's Eastern Canadian network, causing a complete halt of freight traffic from Halifax west to Toronto. The language spoken by the Wetʼsuwetʼen people is Babine-Witsuwitʼen, one of the Athabaskan languages. Not only were the protests destructive to construction equipment, they were also destructive to the environment. In the absence of an agreement over aboriginal title and rights, the hereditary chiefs' position is that their full consent is required for any energy or resource projects within their territory, and the CGL does not have their consent. “Pipeline protest” by frances.grogan is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0. On February 19, a group of about 20 protesters from a group called "Cuzzins for Wetʼsuwetʼen" erected a blockade on a CN rail line in west Edmonton, Alberta. [46] A further statement released on May 11 called once again for the agreement to be withdrawn so the elected governments could be consulted properly, and further calling for Minister Bennett to resign. [89] The Société du Chemin de fer de la Gaspésie (SCFG) freight railway between Gaspé and Matapedia was blockaded on February 10 by members of the Listuguj Miꞌgmaq First Nation. [54] BC ferries later obtained a preemptive injunction to prevent anticipated future demonstrations from blocking Vancouver–Victoria ferry service. Chief Naʼmoks compared that very high level of spending with the perceived inaction by the RCMP over violent attacks and harassment of Mi'kmaw fishers in Nova Scotia. [84][88] Protests on the CNR line west of Winnipeg additionally blocked the Canadian, the passenger rail route operated by VIA Rail from Vancouver to Toronto. [112] Superior Propane, Canada's largest supplier, rationed distribution in Atlantic Canada. The steady stream of activism and campaigning that never seems to end? The total value of these deliveries amounts to CA$200 billion annually. By May, the opposition to the bill had reached a sufficiently critical mass that they were able to persuade the state Senate to table the bill for the rest of the legislature’s 2019 session, a move that essentially killed it. North Dakota protests aimed at stopping a 1,170-mile pipeline have swelled over the last four months. [51][52][53] As of October 21, a judicial review was still pending. [50][134], Documents obtained by CBC News found that in the two years of their occupation of the Morice Forest Service Road, the RCMP had spent over CA$13 million on policing. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that a new trial was warranted, but encouraged a negotiated settlement. [39] The memorandum of understanding was ratified by the attendees of one meeting of the Laksilyu (Small Frog Clan). Canada is entering the third week of protests and blockades over the construction of the $6.6 billion Coastal GasLink pipeline expansion project … This injunction was extended by Judge Church of the BC Supreme Court on December 31. The pipeline path starts in the Dawson Creek area close to the border of BC and travels west to Kitimat, B.C. [25] The RCMP also detained several reporters and were accused of interfering with the freedom of the press. [41][49][50], On October 1, 2020, an ongoing hearing began in the BC Supreme Court. December 11, 2020 EnergyNow Media . [36] However, it was made clear by all parties to the discussions that the agreement did not concern the Coastal GasLink Pipeline project. [97] Via later announced it would resume some south-western Ontario routes. [10] According to Na’Moks, the pipeline "is going along rivers, it will go over rivers and even in some instances, it will go under. Shirley Wilson and others shared reasons for supporting the project. [109] Spring farm supplies such as fertilizer were also delayed by the rail shutdown. How Native Americans and environmentalists stopped a $3.8 billion oil pipeline. On March 10, a statement was released by Theresa Tait-Day, president and one of three founders of the Wetʼsuwetʼen Matrilineal Coalition (WMC), who was stripped of the subchief name Wiʼhaliʼyte in the mid-2010s over her support of the pipeline project and suspected conflict of interest. Other Canadian routes were intermittently disrupted as well. TORONTO -- Protests held in solidarity with a blockade of the Coastal GasLink pipeline in northern British Columbia by members of the Wet’suwet’en Nation continue to … pipeline protests continue to halt Ontario trains for 5th day in a row", "VIA Rail Passenger Trains Impacted by Tyendinaga Mohawk Blockade", "Protests shut down Ontario rail lines in support of Wetʼsuwetʼen Nation", "Rail disruptions 'overblown' by rail companies, politicians says Parliamentary Budget Officer", "Pipeline demonstration halts service on Exo's Candiac line in Montreal", "A timeline on rail disruptions by anti-pipeline protesters across Canada", "Trudeau will not direct police to break up pipeline protests, sticks to negotiated strategy", "Via Rail cancels most trains nationwide, CN closes Eastern Canadian network as Indigenous protests continue", "Via Rail cancels most trains across the country as CN shuts down rails in eastern Canada", "VIA Rail cancels trains across Canada, CN shuts down Eastern Canada network amid pipeline protests", "Amtrak warns of delays as railways from Seattle to B.C. Dakota Pipeline protests explained in pictures From the topic Life. WATCH: Protesters of the Coastal GasLink pipeline claim RCMP have made several arrests at an injunction checkpoint near Houston. Ten need-to-know facts about the #ShutDownCanada anti-pipeline protests. As the crackdown on pipeline protest goes federal, states continue to be a laboratory for new and creative ways to deter protest. ", "First day of meetings between ministers, Wet'suwet'en chiefs wraps up on positive note", "Federal, B.C. The anger has sparked protests and blockades across the country in solidarity with the Wet'suwet'en Nation hereditary chiefs, who oppose a planned natural gas pipeline. [113], The disruption of propane rail shipments was expected to lead to shortages and rationing,[114] during a time when many communities were experiencing extremely cold weather. The Coastal GasLink (CGL) pipeline is a 670-kilometre-long (420 mi) natural gas pipeline designed to carry natural gas from mines in north-eastern British Columbia to a liquefaction plant located at the port of Kitimat. [95], CNR issued multiple injunctions against the protesters, including several separate injunctions against the Mohawk protesters near Belleville. Pipeline opponents launched a letter-writing campaign urging the company to stop on March 21. [37] Tait-Day stated that the proposed agreement made on March 1 was not inclusive of the entire community, saying "the government has legitimized the meeting with the five [sic] hereditary chiefs and left out their entire community. Prince George-Prince Rupert service was suspended on February 11. [89], On February 13, CNR shut down its rail lines east of Toronto. The Mont-Saint-Hilaire rail line was cleared on February 21, 2019 after Quebec Police arrived to enforce a CNR injunction. Access to the Coastal GasLink Pipeline construction camps in Wetʼsuwetʼen territory was blocked and the Coastal GasLink project was granted an injunction in 2018 to remove the land defenders. [89] On February 18, VIA announced partial restoration of passenger service starting February 20, between Ottawa and Quebec City. U.S. Judge Halts Keystone XL Oil Pipeline. (Darryl Dyck/Bloomberg News) "[38] According to Tait-Day, "over 80 per cent of the people in our community said they wanted LNG [First Nations LNG Alliance] to proceed. Shutdowncanada, [ 79 ] # WetsuwetenStrong, [ 78 ] # WetsuwetenStrong, [ 80 ] and AllEyesOnWetsuweten. To construction equipment, they were also destructive to construction equipment, they were also by... Was a pro-pipeline event as members of the pipeline path starts in the territory during the talks ’. Church to allow CGL pre-construction work was done opposition parties ' leaders, barring Scheer after his comments Wilson. 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Jesse winter, photo journalist, @ sarahboesveld Article content [ sic ] ( AFN ) a. Is intended to supply natural gas to several Asian energy companies, who are partners in the disputed territory do! Ten need-to-know facts about the # ShutDownCanada, [ 78 ] # WetsuwetenStrong, [ 80 and! Regarded as a new project. [ 5 ] east of Toronto 89 ] protests disrupted multiple go Transit services! Blockade caused Via rail announced temporary layoffs of up to 1,000 people due to the blockades and. 11 statement was not affected Verizon Media websites and apps in any case, backers.

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